Utopia uses design principles of the De Stijl
and exists to represent the harmony and transition
of De Stijl’s
utopian goals to the world wide web.
Virtues of the De Stijl utopia were not successful in the past,
but the translation of their ideals to the internet continue to be
successful and remain intact.
of the early 20th century sought
to suggest balance and unity in society through design.
founding members of the movement were idealists who wanted to
convey the notion of utopia through their design practice by
reducing forms down to their essential characteristics and colors.
Vertical and horizontal lines as well as the restriction of color
exemplified these goals. Though ambitious, the movement was not
successful in achieving universal equilibrium, however, the goals
of the movement transitioned into today’s
society by means of the internet.
The internet is a utopia that creates a universal language that is
completely democratic. The internet was created to promote unity
and communication in case of war, similar to how the De Stijl
movement was a response to the anxiety Europe faced prior to World War II.
The virtues of the internet are utopian ideals in themselves.
Alexander Galloway, in his book Protocol, defined the structural
characteristics of the internet design as
robustness, pantheism, contingency, Interoperability,
flexibility, and heterogeneity. Though these are terms
relating to the way the internet works, they can be applied out
of context to define the utopian characteristics of the internet and
to compare them to the ideals of the De Stijl movement.